Struts <html:checkbox> Tag

In this Struts example, you will learn how to create a HTML checkbox with Struts <html:checkbox> tag. In order to use the Struts HTML Tags you need to include the following taglib directive in the jsp page.

<%@taglib uri="/WEB-INF/struts-html.tld" prefix="html" %> 

First create a new Dynamic Web Project and configure it as Maven Project. For Reference, Click Here

Add the following dependencies in pom.xml


1. Create JSP

Now we will create a HTML checkbox using Struts’s HTML tag

Write the following code in checkbox.jsp

<%@taglib uri="" prefix="html"%>
<title>Struts <Html:checkbox> Checkbox</title>
<html:form action="/checkbox">
    Hobbies : <html:checkbox property="music"/> Music   <html:checkbox property="gardening"/> Gardening 

Now create another JSP output.jsp that display the checkbox value. Write the following code in output.jsp

<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ taglib uri="" prefix="bean"%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"

        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
        <title>Output Page</title>
        CheckBox value : Music - <bean:write name="StrutsCheckBoxForm" property="music" />, Gardening - <bean:write name="StrutsCheckBoxForm" property="gardening" />

2. Action Form

Create a Action Form class and name it that contains the following code.

package com.kruders.form;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForm;
public class StrutsCheckBoxForm extends ActionForm{
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    private String music;
    private String gardening;
    public String getMusic() {
        return music;
    public void setMusic(String music) { = music;
    public String getGardening() {
        return gardening;
    public void setGardening(String gardening) {
        this.gardening = gardening;

3. Action Class (Controller)

Let us create an Action class that will handles and forward the request.

package com.kruders.action;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import org.apache.struts.action.Action;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForm;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionForward;
import org.apache.struts.action.ActionMapping;
public class StrutsCheckBoxAction extends Action{
    public ActionForward execute(ActionMapping mapping,ActionForm form,
        HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
                throws Exception {
        return mapping.findForward("success");

4. Struts Config

Write the following code in struts-config.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts-config PUBLIC 
"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 1.3//EN" 
        <form-bean name="StrutsCheckBoxForm" type="com.kruders.form.StrutsCheckBoxForm"/>
        <forward name="checkbox" path="/"/>
        <action input="/checkbox.jsp" name="StrutsCheckBoxForm" path="/checkbox"  validate="true" scope="request" type="com.kruders.action.StrutsCheckBoxAction">
            <forward name="success" path="/output.jsp" />

5. Deployment Descriptor

Now configure the deployment descriptor. Here, we have asked the container to give our ActionServlet any request that matches the pattern *.do

Add the following configuration information in the web.xml file


6. Run Project

Now when you run the project, following screen will be displayed as in Figure 18.1

Figure 18.1 Figure 18.1

Now when you select any checkbox and click submit button, following screen will be displayed as shown in Figure 18.2

Figure 18.2 Figure 18.2

For any selected checkbox “on” is displayed, otherwise it’s an empty value.

The folder structure of the example is shown below in Figure 18.3

Figure 18.3 Figure 18.3

You can download the source code of this example here.


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